Contact Tracing

๐Ÿ’ฌ WhatsApp Chat for Self-Reporting and Contact Tracing ๐Ÿ’ฌ


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Information

Can contact tracing control the pandemic? Plans for contact tracing; commentary on privacy; what tech companies are doing; international contact tracing practices and other news.

Science

Studies on whether contact tracing can control the pandemic.


Quantifying SARS-CoV-2 transmission suggests epidemic control with digital contact tracing

๐Ÿ”—https://science.sciencemag.org/content/early/2020/03/30/science.abb6936
Quantifying SARS-CoV-2 transmission suggests epidemic control with digital contact tracing - Oxford University.

Commentary

How will contract tracing work; is contact tracing the way to go; the role of tech companies.

CHS National plan to enable comprehensive COVID-19 contract tracing in the US

๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ”—http://www.centerforhealthsecurity.org/our-work/pubs_archive/pubs-pdfs/2020/a-national-plan-to-enable-comprehensive-COVID-19-case-finding-and-contact-tracing-in-the-US.pdf
April 10.


Is contact tracing getting enough attention in U.S. Coronavirus response?

๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ”—https://www.kff.org/coronavirus-policy-watch/is-contact-tracing-getting-enough-attention-in-u-s-coronavirus-response/
April 3 - KFF.

Data Privacy Specialist on govt. contact tracing apps

๐Ÿ”—https://twitter.com/PiracyByDesign/status/1241380421436407808
Thread discussing the privacy implications of several international contact tracing apps. Technical.

Protecting lives and liberty: how contact tracing apps can foil both COVID-19 and Big Brother

๐Ÿ”—https://[email protected]/contact-tracing/
A web comic explaining how we can beat COVID-19 *and* Big Brother.

How many contract tracers are needed in the US?

๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ”—https://twitter.com/T_Inglesby/status/1249033311965663233ย 
Twitter thread from Director of John Hopkins Center for Health Security: "Public health will need to identify nearly all cases; ensure they're isolated at home, or as needed isolated on voluntary basis in facilities provided for them, & identify + quarantine all exposed close contacts. - Extrapolating ... an estimate of the number of contact tracers needed for COVID-19 case and contact finding effort across the US is 100,000."

How Apple and Google are going to enable contact tracing

๐Ÿ”—https://joekent.nyc/google-apple-contact-tracing
"This post is a technical translation of the contact tracing specification Apple and Google recently released, aimed at folks that are interested in understanding the implications for security, privacy, and usage."
https://covid19-static.cdn-apple.com/applications/covid19/current/static/contact-tracing/pdf/ContactTracing-BluetoothSpecificationv1.1.pdf
Bluetooth specification cited in the article.

What can the new UK COVID-19 symptom tracker app tell us

๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ”—https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2020/04/coronavirus-symptom-tracking-app-united-kingdom-pandemic-epidemic-covid19/
April 3: World Economic Forum. 'How are we supposed to tell who is infected with Coronavirus and who is suffering from a seasonal sniffle or allergy? - Our failure to know the difference may lead people to inadvertently go out and spread the disease when they are infected.'


MIT Scientist [Dr John Henry Clippinger]Pushes for Blockchain to Secure Mobile Citizen Data and Build Payment Platform For Addressing Pandemic And Economic Crisis

๐Ÿ”—https://www.the-blockchain.com/2020/03/27/novid-2020-american-scientist-pushes-for-block chairman -to-secure-mobile-citizen-data-and-build-payment-platform-for-addressing-pandemic-and-economic-crisis/
๐Ÿ—ฃ[email protected]
March 27: Blockchain News. NOvid 2020: MIT Scientist [Dr John Henry Clippinger]Pushes for Blockchain to Secure Mobile Citizen Data and Build Payment Platform For Addressing Pandemic And Economic Crisis

Expert Opinion: Article on Contact Tracing Apps by Dr. Ken Birman, Professor at Cornell University.

๐Ÿ”—http://thinkingaboutdistributedsystems.blogspot.com/2020/05/contact-tracing-apps.html
May 20: Covid-19 Contact Tracing Apps - Privacy and Effectiveness
Dr. Ken Birman is a Professor in the Department of Computer Science at Cornell University and works in distributed computing.

News: tech companies

How are tech companies helping to do contact tracing

Apple makes mobility data available to aid COVID-19 efforts

๐Ÿ”—https://www.apple.com/in/newsroom/2020/04/apple-makes-mobility-data-available-to-aid-covid-19-efforts/
Apple: April 14.

Apple and Google partner on COVID-19 contact tracing technology

๐Ÿ”—https://blog.google/inside-google/company-announcements/apple-and-google-partner-covid-19-contact-tracing-technology
Apple and Google partner on COVID-19 contact tracing technology, includes details of the protocol and API. Protocol is almost identical to DP-3T, above.
๐Ÿ”—https://covid19-static.cdn-apple.com/applications/covid19/current/static/contact-tracing/pdf/ContactTracing-BluetoothSpecificationv1.1.pdf
Bluetooth specification cited in the article.

Cloudera architecure for secure COVID-19 contact tracing

๐Ÿ”—https://blog.cloudera.com/an-architecture-for-secure-covid-19-contact-tracing/
Cloudera is proposing a reference architecture for a contact pairing database that maintains privacy and supports large-scale lifting of restrictions of movement.

News: International contact tracing practices

How are different countries doing contact tracing

Australia: 'Special team to boost tracking and enforcement in bid to halt Coronavirus'

๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ”—https://www.covid19.qld.gov.au/updates/special-team-to-boost-tracking-and-enforcement-in-bid-to-halt-coronavirusย 
March 31: Australia Queensland (QLD) Government


China and South Korea: QR code system

๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ”—https://www.reddit.com/r/China_Flu/comments/febv3t/what_its_like_in_china_0306/
QR code system from China/South Korea- The Chinese and South Korean protocols for COVID-19 containment appear to contain a system for "checking in" any public place using a QR code. That QR code logs everyone who is in that place at any particular time, and then if any one of those persons gets infected everyone who was there at the same time gets notified.

Korea

Location Tracking of COVID-19 Patients and Location Monitoring of Quarantined Must Conform To Human Rights Principles
๐Ÿ”— http://opennetkorea.org/en/wp/3051

Singapore: Singapore government to make its contact tracing app freely available to developers worldwide

๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ”—https://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/coronavirus-spore-government-to-make-its-contact-tracing-app-freely-available-to
March 23: Straits Times.

Taiwan

How open data and civic participation helped Taiwan slow COVID-19
๐Ÿ”— https://medium.com/sidewalk-talk/how-open-data-and-civic-participation-helped-taiwan-slow-covid-b1449bab5841

UK: UK confirms plan for its own contact tracing app

๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ”—https://www.bbc.com/news/technology-52263244
BBC, April 12.

US (New York City): Mt. Sinai Health launches Coronavirus app to track outbreak across the New York City

๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ”—https://www.cnbc.com/2020/04/01/mt-sinai-hospital-launches-coronavirus-app-to-track-outbreak-across-the-new-york-city.html
April 1: CNBC.

Contact Tracing Tools

See also: Self Reporting
Apps and websites for contact tracing.

Lists

COVID-19 Contact and/or Local Tracing Apps (EPDB criteria)

๐ŸŒ๐Ÿ”—https://cryptpad.fr/sheet/#/2/sheet/view/Nkmhv49ehbfwyZkrxdHj6dD1XjU4XmlvBsuuWo+5mQU/embed
List of several contact tracing apps being used worldwide, highlighting compliance with European Data Protection Board criteria.

COVID-19 Android apps

๐Ÿ”—https://github.com/iivanoo/covid-apps-observer
Lists of Android Contract Tracing apps by country with assessment process.
Project providing insights about COVID-19-related Android apps available to the public, ranging from the privacy-related permissions they request, contacted servers, users' perceptions, security-related issues, and so on. In order to extract those insights, the maintainer of the project setup an open-source dedicated analysis tool and they are running the analyses weekly and on a nation-by-nation basis.


National governments

UK: High level privacy and security design for NHS COVID-19 contact tracing app

๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ”—https://www.ncsc.gov.uk/report/nhs-covid-19-app-privacy-security-report
Privacy assessment of Coronavirus contact tracing app

Iceland

๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ”—https://twitter.com/gislio/status/1245687468780859394
The government in Iceland has released an app that helps to automatically track who you may get in

Singapore: TraceTogether

๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ”—https://mothership.sg/2020/03/trace-together-covid/
Bluetooth-based tracing app from Singapore (TraceTogether). Developed by the Singapore government. Based probably on Bluetooth Low Energy. Available for both Android and iPhone. A lot of emphasis on privacy. Some other variation on Bluetooth-based tracking can also be imagined, that would be suitable for other countries, or the world.

India: AarogyaSetu

๐Ÿ”—https://www.aarogyasetu.gov.in/
๐Ÿ”—https://github.com/nic-delhi/AarogyaSetu_Android
Aarogya Setu is a mobile application developed by the Government of India to connect essential health services with the people of India in our combined fight against COVID-19. The App is aimed at augmenting the initiatives of the Government of India, particularly the Department of Health, in proactively reaching out to and informing the users of the app regarding risks, best practices and relevant advisories pertaining to the containment of COVID-19.

Other tools

Contact Tracer

๐Ÿ”— https://www.contacttracer.io
Contact Tracer - Contact tracing app for health officials to deploy as their white label solution. Built with privacy foremost in mind, leveraging best practices outlined by academics to keep users completely anonymous. Includes admin portal for health officials to generate secure keys for reporting.

Covid Data

๐Ÿ”—https://covid-data.info/home
A secure, anonymized symptom tracker that enables patients to report symptoms.


Coronavirus analysis in Estonia

๐Ÿ”—๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ชhttps://koroona.ut.ee?lang=en - among other tools on this site there is a self reporting questionnaire for Estonian population. The survey by University of Tartu researchers aims to map how many people have COVID-19 symptoms in Estonia, how many have had a contact with a person in symptoms and what are the symptoms that distinguish people with officially tested positive versus negative. Also information about everyday behaviour patterns in quarantine situation is collected. It can be used as a health diary as new entries can be added once symptoms change, disappear or official tests are conducted.

Automated extraction of graph data from Google's Mobility reports:

๐Ÿ”—https://github.com/befriendabacterium/GoogleMobility_COVID19/blob/master/GraphData_extractor.R

Get Passbook

๐Ÿ”— https://getpassbook.com/en/corona
Tested Positive After a Flight. Use your boarding pass to share your flight, seat, and contact information
If you are tested positive after your flight for Coronavirus COVID-19, notify us immediately. We will instantly email all passengers on any flight where a Coronavirus case has been reported. We will not share your personal information with anyone. And, as with all GetPassbook data, it's kept secure and encrypted.

Flatten

๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ”—https://flatten.ca
By logging your health on a regular basis, FLATTEN is able to identify regions where there are vulnerable, potential, and confirmed cases of COVID-19. This information is used for healthcare systems to optimize resources and for Canadians to understand the importance of social distancing.

COVID-19 Net

๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ”—https://www.covidnet.fr/
Rejoignez COVIDnet.fr et devenez acteurs/actrices de la surveillance et de la recherche sur le COVID-19 en population gรฉnรฉrale!
Join COVIDnet.fr and become agents of surveillance and research on COVID-19 in the general population.

Bandemic

๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ”—https://bandemic.app/
Tracing infections not people

Coronastatus.nl

๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ”—https://coronastatus.nl/
Netherlands - Help us to discover and predict the spread of Coronavirus in our surroundings.

Stam Acasa

๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡ด๐Ÿ”—https://code4.ro/en/apps/stam-acasa/
Code for Romania is working on Stam Acasa ('We Stay Home'). Centralisation and monitoring of the condition of people under auto-isolation through questionnaires that they complete daily online. Donate here.

Safe Paths: Privacy-by-design COVID-10 Solutions

๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ”—http://safepaths.mit.edu/
MIT Location Informations Storing and exporting - Maintains your privacy.

Open Demic

๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ”—https://www.opendemic.org/
Anonymously share your location and symptoms to get potential and verified COVID-19 proximity alerts

COVID Maps

๐Ÿ”— ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฑ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ตcovidmaps.org
๐Ÿ—ฃ [email protected]
Open-source site
๐Ÿ”—ย https://covidmaps.orgย which could be used in the collection and dissemination of COVID-19 patient location history

Bluetrace: Privacy-preserving cross-border contact tracing

๐Ÿ”—https://bluetrace.io/
TraceTogether's model of community-driven contact tracing is the first nationwide deployment of a Bluetooth contact tracing solution in the world. We are hopeful that TraceTogether can bring benefits to communities around the world in our common fight against COVID-19. We are heartened by the interest from governments, non-profits and companies looking to adapt TraceTogether for their communities.

Locistory

๐Ÿ”—http://bit.ly/locistory
Locistory is a decentralized,ย non invasive solution to tackle contact tracing. App stores location data only on device. App can send receive location alerts to public without panic.

NOVID

๐Ÿ”—https://novid.org
in Android beta right now, but this tool can stop the spread of Coronavirus by helping asymptomatic carriers find out about exposure much sooner in a privacy-preserving fashion. Uses a different type of measurement (not GPS/bluetooth) to see how far away from each other smartphone users are? Some details in this post:
๐Ÿ”— https://www.facebook.com/poshenloh/posts/10158158726488545

COVID-19 watch

๐Ÿ”— covid19risk.com
๐Ÿ—ฃ [email protected]
Open-source project for mapping high-risk areas and contact tracing- We hope to slow the spread of infectious diseases like COVID-19 with crowdsourced data.

COVID-19 Location History Tool

๐Ÿ”—https://yjlou.github.io/2019-nCov
COVID-19 Location History Tool- A tool to compare userโ€™s location history with patientsโ€™. It uses Google Maps Timeline KML data. All the data comparison is processed in local so that the userโ€™s data are NOT shared with any government. Repository here
๐Ÿ”— https://github.com/yjlou/2019-nCov/tree/master/countries
Send a note to
โœ‰๏ธ [email protected] if any government announces patientโ€™s location history data.ย 

We Trace

๐Ÿ”—https://devpost.com/software/wetrace-g9ocyi
WeTrace uses Bluetooth LE to keep track of people you were close to. It automatically collects the ids of other users while it shares its own ID to them. When a user is tested positive, he or she can report the status change. A silent notification is broadcasted to all the users. That then can locally compare the newly reported case with their database of collected user IDs. If the reported ID is found in the database, the user that he or she might be at risk - the app will inform the user.

COVID-19 tracker

๐Ÿ”— https://covid-19-track.com/
๐Ÿ—ฃ https://twitter.com/Covid19Track
Crowdsourced self reporting web app- Creating a baseline of potential cases from people reporting symptoms

Corona Trace

๐Ÿ”—https://github.com/Corona-Trace
CoronaTrace Project

Next Trace

๐Ÿ”—https://nexttrace.org/about
Digital participatory contact tracing

Infection Chain

๐Ÿ”—https://devpost.com/software/infection-chain
Build your network and scan every person you have met to track potential infection history

Handshake

๐Ÿ”— https://coda-coda.github.io/handshake/
๐Ÿ”— https://coda-coda.github.io/handshake/Generator/
Further info relating to the basic implementation and the idea (plus the open source code) is here:
๐Ÿ”—https://github.com/Coda-Coda/handshake
This is not an ongoing project, just an idea and a very basic working implementation of the start of it (from a few dayโ€™s work and using only free tools), but it would likely be quite easy to implement a fully-fledged version, so if you think it's useful please feel free to take take the idea and improve it.

Handshake Easy Email Exchange

This is a simple tool that helps make it easy to send a quick email to the person or business you meet so that you both have a record of meeting (in your own email accounts).
You're just sending an email to the person you meet, no data is centrally stored by Handshake when you use this approach (to the developer's best knowledge).
๐Ÿ”— https://coda-coda.github.io/handshake/EEE
๐Ÿ”— https://coda-coda.github.io/handshake/EEE/generate
Further info relating to the implementation (plus the open source code) is here:
๐Ÿ”—https://github.com/Coda-Coda/handshake/tree/master/docs/EEE
This is not an ongoing project, just an idea and a working implementation (from a few dayโ€™s work and using only free tools). It is bears some similarities to the original version of Handshake above, but is different in many respects.

Spotlight Incident Reporting

๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ”— https://apps.apple.com/au/app/spotlight-incident-reporting/id1316270935

Sniff Out COVID

๐Ÿ”—https://sniffoutcovid.org/
PROJECT ENDED:Recent work by two British ENT surgeons Claire Hopkins and Nirmal Kumar observes that people with sudden isolated anosmia (lost sense of smell) seem to have a high probability of being infected by the Virus despite no other symptoms. The #CovidSmellTest campaign will ask participants to self administer a simple smell test by sniffing common household objects. The aggregated data from tens of thousands of these tests could provide a marker for emerging COVID-19 disease clusters.


Corona-tracker (Dead project)

๐Ÿ”—https://github.com/mitra42/corona-tracker/
๐Ÿ—ฃ[email protected] (for now - will setup a group or slack)

Coronavirus-tracker: 'We have dropped this project - feel free to use code but its not maintained'.

Protecting privacy

Tools and guidelines for preserving the privacy of users while contact tracing.

Tools for Privacy-Preserving Contact Tracing

Unified research on privacy-preserving contact tracing

๐Ÿ”—https://docs.google.com/document/d/16Kh4_Q_tmyRh0-/edit
The document collates questions, statistics and experiences to ensure that apps are relevant and well-designed.

CEN (Contact Event Number) Federation for Privacy-Sensitive Distributed Contact Tracing

๐Ÿ”—https://docs.google.com/document/d/1f65V3PI214-uYfZLUZtm55kdVwoazIMqGJrxcYNI4eg/edit#
CEN (Contact Event Number) Federation for Privacy-Sensitive Distributed Contact Tracing;Open-Source Contact Tracing Cloud APIs to work on solutions using Apple + Googleโ€™s Privacy-Preserving Contact Tracing Protocol, announced onย 4/10/20.

Pan-European Privacy-Preserving Proximity Tracing

๐Ÿ”—https://www.pepp-pt.org/
Pan European open-source for developing technology for proximity tracing that apps can implement. If used internationallyen by enabling theย tracing of infection chains across national borders to faciliteit cross-border travel.

Disposable identities

๐Ÿ”—https://github.com/disposableidentities/healthcrisis
Project to create a disposable health ID, for tracking citizens' current health status while reducing invasion of privacy

Privacy-safe contact tracing using Bluetooth Low Energy

๐Ÿ”—https://www.blog.google/documents/57/Overview_of_COVID-19_Contact_Tracing_Using_BLE.pdf

DP-3T

๐Ÿ”—https://github.com/DP-3T/documents
๐Ÿ”—https://twitter.com/carmelatroncoso/status/1246122415794593794?s=19
DP-3T: A protocol from 8 universities (as part of, and to) PEPP-PT which enables proximity tracing without any centralised server learning anything about users.
๐Ÿ”—https://github.com/DP-3T/documents/blob/master/DP3T%20-%20Simplified%20Three%20Page%20Brief.pdf
Paper providing a simplified overview of Decentralized Privacy - Preserving Proximity Tracing. It looks at the security risks of different possible infrastructures for contact tracing - using bluetooth on phones to provide a system that informs users about encounters with those who have since tested positive for COVID-19. The point of this is also to provide data for epidemiologists modelling the pandemic's spread.

OpenMined

๐Ÿ”—https://blog.openmined.org/openmineds-efforts-for-the-coronavirus-pandemic/
OpenMined: A community of engineers, researchers, writers, and developers giving technical advice, open-source code, and support on Slack to help app developers worldwide protect the privacy of their user-base.

Decentralized Privacy-Preserving Proximity Tracing -

๐Ÿ”—https://github.com/DzP-3T/documents
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne and 6 other institutions
This repository contains a proposal for a secure and decentralized privacy-preserving proximity tracing system. Its goal is to simplify and accelerate the process of identifying people who have been in contact with an infected person, thus providing a technological foundation to help slow the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. The system aims to minimise privacy and security risks for individuals and communities and guarantee the highest level of data protection.

COVID-19 Contact and/or Local Tracing Apps (EPDB criteria)

๐ŸŒ๐Ÿ”—https://cryptpad.fr/sheet/#/2/sheet/view/Nkmhv49ehbfwyZkrxdHj6dD1XjU4XmlvBsuuWo+5mQU/embed
List of several contact tracing apps being used worldwide, highlighting compliance with European Data Protection Board criteria.

Safe Paths: Privacy-by-design COVID-10 Solutions

๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ”—http://safepaths.mit.edu/
MIT Location Informations Storing and exporting - Maintains your privacy.

Bluetrace: Privacy-preserving cross-border contact tracing

๐Ÿ”—https://bluetrace.io/
TraceTogether's model of community-driven contact tracing is the first nationwide deployment of a Bluetooth contact tracing solution in the world. We are hopeful that TraceTogether can bring benefits to communities around the world in our common fight against COVID-19. We are heartened by the interest from governments, non-profits and companies looking to adapt TraceTogether for their communities.

Privacy Guidelines

European Data Protection Board Guidelines

๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ”—https://edpb.europa.eu/sites/edpb/files/files/file1/edpb_guidelines_20200420_contact_tracing_covid_with_annex_en.pdf
April 2020: Guidelines on the use of location data and contact tracing tools in the context of the COVID-19 outbreak

Outpacing the Virus: Digital Response to Containing the Spread of COVID-19 while Mitigating Privacy Risks

๐Ÿ”—https://ethics.harvard.edu/outpacing-virus
- Harvard Center for Ethics