Government Responses

Everything to do with what all the governments are doing

✏️ Edit this document to make it better ✏️

Join the Whatsapp Chat for deep dive discussions:
”Gov” CoronavirusTechHandbook Whatsapp Chat

Link Drop

Collaborative project to estimate and quantify the impact of government measures on the growth rate, to create an informed-decision tool for governments. Please reason and calculate along, help is very welcome! The results will be valuable as such, and also be used to back an open-source simulator where the effect of up to 50 government measures on the epidemic can be simulated.

For information about Elections, see:
For resources for lawyers, courts, and the justice system, see:


This section includes resources that compare or analyze the policy responses taken by multiple governments acting individually.

Estimating the number of infections and the impact of nonpharmaceutical interventions on COVID-19 in 11 European countries

Key policy responses from the OECD
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) comparison of policy responses. Includes links to reports about containment and mitigation measures, responses by cities, and tax policy.

Observatory of Public Sector Innovation (OPSI) Global Government Response
🗣@OPSIgov (Twitter)
Policy responses collected from a form created by OECD-OPSI. OECD have not reviewed and do not necessarily endorse the spreadsheet.

Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker 
OxCGRT collects publicly available information on 11 indicators of government response, such as school closings, travel bans, or other measures.

Economic Policy Responses to a Pandemic: Developing the COVID-19 Economic Stimulus Index
Working paper developing an index measure of economic stimulus. Supplemental materials include dataset of economic policy responses in 166 countries.

Policy responses to COVID-19
International Monetary Fund (IMF) tracker summarizes key economic responses taken by governments pf 193 economies to limit the human and economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Collecting Open Government Approaches to COVID-19
Examples of the application of the principles of transparency, accountability, and participation to the COVID-19 response from the Open Government Partnership (OGP).

How countries around the world have tried to contain the coronavirus
Compares China (Hubei province), Japan, South Korea, France, Germany, Italy, and the US on whether they have implemented 11 policies ranging from contact tracing to travel restrictions. Written by Washington Post journalists Adrian Blanco and Marisa Bellack

COVID-19: International Manufacturing Policy Responses: Executive Summary
Report from University of Cambridge (UK) Institute for Manufacturing reviews the current manufacturing policy responses to COVID-19 by 10 countries and the EU.

Public Sector Resources
A resource center curated by the Ash Center at Harvard Kennedy School,with cases, teaching, policy solutions, and other examples of how governments are responding to the outbreak.

From The Guardian news “How do the coronavirus containment measures vary across Europe?
Includes a table and maps comparing European countries on policies restricting schools and universities, travel, and events, and sport, as well as several maps.
DATE: March 12 2020

Democracy, State Capacity, and COVID-19 Related School Closures
Preliminary study by Uppsala School of Government Axel Cronert finds that schools were closed sooner in countries that had more democratic governments but lower state administrative capacity.

Privacy International: Tracking the Global Response to COVID-19
Database of technological responses by governments with the potential to undermine privacy.

COVID-19 Civic Freedom Tracker
This tracker monitors government responses to the pandemic that affect civic freedoms and human rights, focusing on emergency laws. Developed by the International Centre for Not-for-profit Law, the European Centre for Not-for-profit Law and the UN Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism.

Roadmap to Covid19 Suppression We are tracking government response to the Covid-19 outbreak
✉️@covid19policies on Twitter
Map of lockdown and stability status for nations and US states.

COVID-19-policy dataset
A zip file of policy documents from Jan 1st - Mar 31st 2020 relating to the COVID-19 pandemic. (provided by policy consulting firm Overton)

🗣[email protected] 
The COVID-19 Government Measures Dataset puts together all the measures implemented by governments worldwide in response to the Coronavirus pandemic. Data collection includes secondary data review. The researched information available falls into five categories: - Social distancing - Movement restrictions - Public health measures - Social and economic measures - Human rights implications Each category is broken down into several types of measures. ACAPS consulted government, media, United Nations, and other organisations sources.

Lockdowns and travel bans: which countries have COVID-19 restrictions
Lonely Planet, a publisher of travel guides, lists and describes travel restrictions by country.

Tenant protection during the novel coronavirus outbreak
Running list and summary table of eviction protections by US states and local governments from tenants' rights blog Augrented.

COVID-19 Policy Tracker
Lobbying consultancy MultiState provides a dashboard of policy responses by US state governments.

An anonymous open Spreadsheet summarizing responses by country.

🔗 dYE/edit#gid=0


This section includes information about responses by organizations such as the United Nations that involve multiple governments working together across regions.

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19)
Coronavirus global health emergency information from the United Nations.

World Health Organization (WHO)
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic information from the World Health Organization, a United Nations agency.

Transcript of the WHO Director General’s declaration of the coronavirus as a pandemic:
🇺🇳🔗WHO Director-General's opening remarks at the Mission briefing on COVID-19 - 12 March 2020
In these remarks, Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus (Dr. Tedros) recommended a 4-pronged strategy: prepare and be ready; detect, prevent and treat; reduce and suppress; innovate and improve. 

This is the WHO Director General’s declaration of the Coronavirus as a pandemic:
🔗WHO Director-General's opening remarks at the Mission briefing on COVID-19 - 12 March 2020

UNESCO's Response to COVID-19
UNESCO's support for governments for distance learning, scientific cooperation, and information support, including global tracking of school closures.

UNESCO mobilizes 122 countries to promote open science and reinforced cooperation in the face of COVID-19
Reports an online meeting convened March 30 for representatives of science ministries.

COVID-19 Educational Disruption and Response
Data on local and national school closures. Support for governments where education is disrupted.

COVID-19 and Democracy
COVID-19 resources from the  International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA), an intergovernmental organization that supports sustainable democracy worldwide.

Atlantic Council GeoTech Center (GeoTech)
Is coordinating between public sector representatives from NATO countries and private sector activities regarding COVID-19 response efforts.

Local Government

International City/County Management Association (ICMA)
Resources to support local governments including local governance, leadership, service delivery, and relief resources.

COVID-19: Local Government Response and Resource Bank
Resources for Local Government from the What Works Cities Network & Others

CDC Community Mitigation Framework
Document from the US CDC with guidelines for local communities developing COVID-19 mitigation strategies. Guidance is not specific to the US.

COVID-19: A Frontline Guide for Local Decision-Makers
Based on existing guidance from U.S. and global authorities, public health research findings, and lessons observed from countries that have been battling COVID-19 since January 2020, This guide provides an initial seven-point strategic framework for state, city, and local leaders.

Public Policy Advocacy

Links to documents and organisations expressing opinions about what governments should do in response to the coronavirus pandemic. Public policy advocacy recommends specific actions that should be taken by elected officials or other public authorities. Descriptions of an action a government has already taken go in Responses by Country.

For petitions recording public opinion, see:

How to respond to COVID-19
Bill Gates thought leadership on pandemics and recommended response to COVID-19 and future action steps to prepare and prevent the next one.

COVID-19 Response White Papers
Harvard's Edmond J. Safra Center at Harvard University has convened a rapid response initiative in response to the COVID-19 threat and published a series of white papers with policy recommendations grounded in economics and constitutional democracy.

COVID-19 Priorities Checklist for State Leaders
Recommendations from non-partisan healthcare nonprofit United States of Care provides a dynamic list of best practices for states fighting COVID-19.

Military’s Response to the Coronavirus Crisis: Top 10 Principles
Just Security, a policy forum based at the Reiss Center on Law and Security at New York University School of Law, advances 10 principles to guide US military response to COVID-19.

Does One Size Fit All? Realistic Alternatives for COVID-19 Response in Low-Income Countries
Think tank Center for Global Development recommends that COVID-10 response in low-income countries should prioritize water and sanitation, protection of existing health services, and conditional cash transfers to incentivize staying at home.

Call for Collaboration

The COVID-19 pandemic: A letter to G20 leaders
20 leading economists and global health experts write to the leaders of the G20 nations and call for unprecedented cooperation across countries and disciplines.

🌏🔗COVID-19 needs a Manhattan Project
Seth Berkley, chief executive officer of Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, in Geneva, Switzerland call for a a coordinated global vaccine development effort using a “big science” approach.

Public-private cooperation for pandemic preparedness and response: A call to action
Advice for governments - The Event 201 pandemic exercise, conducted on October 18, 2019, vividly demonstrated a number of these important gaps in pandemic preparedness as well as some of the elements of the solutions between the public and private sectors that will be needed to fill them. The Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security, World Economic Forum, and Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation made these proposals.

Social distancing can’t last forever. Here’s what should come next.
Explaining the moonshot effort needed to end social distancing, and this pandemic 'what it would take to end social distancing safely while fighting the spread of Covid-19. It isn’t easy. It will require an immense amount of leadership, coordination, and more sacrifice.'


🇬🇧🔗Open Letter: Contact Tracking and NHSX
Responsible technologists call upon the NHSX leadership and the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care to follow ethical best practice when using new technologies to fight coronavirus.

Securing Justice, Health, and Democracy against the COVID-19 Threat
An interdisciplinary team at Harvard's Safra Center for Ethics provides a framework for a COVID-19 response in the context of constitutional democracy. Recommendations center civil liberties, avoiding injustice, and preserving the economy, society, and the institutions of constitutional democracy.

End Internet Shutdowns to Manage COVID-19
Human Rights Watch implores governments that are currently imposing internet shutdowns, including Bangladesh, India, and Myanmar, to reopen access to the internet as an urgent matter in the current health crisis.

Open Letter on Inequities and the COVID-19 Response
Drawing on an evidence base of 500+ studies, social science faculty at the University of California - Los Angeles (UCLA) advocate for a COVID-19 response grounded in 8 principles of health equity.

Privacy, public health and the pandemic
Writing for global media organization openDemocracy, sociologist Martin Eirmann cautions governments against adopting emergency logics in the context of COVID-19, with particular attention to privacy.

Isolation and Social Distancing Policy

Report of the WHO-China Joint Mission on Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19
Reports and findings by 25 international experts sent by the WHO to Wuhan. Reports on the high effectiveness of the response adopted in Wuhan/Hubei in containing the virus and includes recommendations for China, countries with imported cases, uninfected countries, the public, and the international community.

Policy Brief: Evidence-Informed Social Distancing Policies for Low-Income Countries
With a focus on Africa, global advisory, data analytics, and research organization IDinsight recommends that governments establish guidelines and communication channels, learning from wealthier countries but adapting to local context, including planning for effective mitigation in vulnerable communities.

Age Adaptive Social Distancing: A Nonlinear Engineering Strategy to Contrast COVID-19 via Precision and Personalized Mitigation
In this working paper, an engineering professor at Tsinghua university proposes an age-stratified social distancing strategy in which ages 20-39 generally resume normal activities under close surveillance for illness and thus pursue rational immunity.

Quarantine the Sick in New York's Hotels
Fordham Law Professor Carl Minzer advocates for housing the mildly ill rather than at home to protect others in their households. This approach is being tried in Los Angeles and Chicago.

Expose the Young
🇬🇧🔗 the young
Prediction market innovator Robin Hanson, PhD makes a quantitative utilitarian case for the use of incentives to encourage young people to expose themselves to coronavirus and self-isolate.

A Market Solution to Quarantine
🔗Pay people to quarantine (Nate Baker)
Nate Baker, CEO of real estate technology firm Qualia, advocates that incentives should be offered to compensate people to quarantine.

Leveraging Technology and Digital Solutions

How governments can engage digital resources to manage their Covid-19 response
UK advisory firm StateUp, focused on digital innovation with public purpose, encourages governments to engage with civic technology organizations and lists 9 relevant digital tools.

Pan-European Privacy-Preserving Proximity Tracing (PEPP-PT)
PEPP-PT, a newly-created Swiss organization dedicated to providing a solution to this crisis that adheres to strong European privacy and data protection laws and principles, advocates for the use of proximity tracing to fight COVID-19.

Protecting Civil Liberties During a Public Health Crisis
Recommendations for government from the Electronic Frontier Foundation as to how best to manage surveillance during the pandemic: Intrude on privacy only as necessary and proportionate, collect data based on science, not bias, don't retain data longer than necessary, be transparent and follow due process for restrictions on liberty based on surveillance data.


The Case for Universal Cloth Mask Adoption and Policies to Increase Supply of Medical Masks for Health Workers
Researchers from Yale School of Management and National Bureau of Economic Research recommend the immediate universal adoption of cloth facemasks, including homemade, and accompanying policies to increase the supply of medical masks for health workers. Their US-focused cost-benefit analysis shows thousands of dollars in benefit for each cloth mask and millions for each medical mask.


Protecting workers’ jobs and livelihoods: The economic response to coronavirus
Policy recommendations for protecting workers’ jobs and livelihoods from UK Trades Union Congress (TUC).

Should We Provide Emergency Universal Basic Income to Everyone or Just Those Who Need It?
Universal basic income advocate Scott Santens argues that the US economic stimulus in response to COVID-19 should be in the form of universal (non-means-tested) payments.

COVID-19 Resources
Policy papers from the Kenan Institute for Private Enterprise at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Emphasis on policy responses to protect small businesses and their employees.

Responses by Country

Here, you’ll find a compendium of country-specific policies and links to governmental departmental webpages. Responses by national governments are organized alphabetically by the United Nations’ five major statistical areas: Africa, Asia, Americas, Europe, Oceania. Within each nation, subcategories can be created for states, provinces, and territories and within those subcategories for local governments.

The first listing for a country should be the national government’s official response, to the extent possible. ?











Project Ideas

💡Create a Timeline of different Measures Taken in each country
E.g. when did each country close schools, when did each country stop flights, etc

💡Twitter accounts for all of the public health organisations in each country

💡Different approaches and scientific justifications

💡Creating An Interactive Map 
This could be interesting with the help of others and create an interactive map that denotes what each country has done in response to the ongoing situation with maybe a news/ social media feed right beside it? If anyone is interested, please join the Government Whatsapp chat linked at the top. 

💡Local government responses

Brainstorming Projects

Strategies to flatten the curve and maintain the economy
Strategies and tech to flatten the curve and maintain the economy

  1. Strategies on how to implement the lockdown
  2. Strategies on how to sustain the economic balance
  3. Technology platform that may be needed for this

🇺🇸🔗What US Government should do regarding Covid-19
3p. Anonymous author with alleged experience in the field.

Estimating impact of possible government measures on growth factor
We are collecting science-based estimates of the impact of different measures that can be taken. Please think and calculate along! This information is very valuable for informed government decisions, and will also be used to back an open source simulator/monitor based on this very accurate model: Decision makers are already following our work, so all contribution will find their way up .Thank you!
15p. Ir. Lize Raes (supplying Belgian government with accurate projection for hospital capacity) + PwC