Government Responses

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If you are interested in UK government response, please see Government Responses by Country / Europe/ UK. There is quite a lot!

This section focuses on global intergovernmental organizations and comparative policy analysis.  There are also several closely related sections.

Comparative Policy Datasets






Local Government


Public Policy Advocacy

For reasoned advice on what government should do, see:


Responses by Country

For actions taken by regional, national, and subnational governments , see:


Comparative Policy Analysis

This section includes resources that compare or analyze the policy responses taken by multiple governments acting individually.

Estimating the number of infections and the impact of nonpharmaceutical interventions on COVID-19 in 11 European countries


Key policy responses from the OECD


Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) comparison of policy responses. Includes links to reports about containment and mitigation measures, responses by cities, and tax policy.

Call for Evidence: Use of Open Government Data in COVID-19 Outbreak


Use of Open Government Data in response to the Coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak

Impact of Government Measures


Collaborative project to estimate and quantify the impact of government measures on the growth rate, to create an informed-decision tool for governments. Results will be used to back an open-source simulator where the effect of up to 50 government measures on the epidemic can be simulated.

The effect of large-scale anti-contagion policies on the COVID-19 pandemic


Manuscript accepted for publication in peer-reviewed journal Nature. Econometric study analyzes effects of policies in 6 countries (China, South Korea, Italy, Iran, France, and the US), finds evidence policies have "large, beneficial, and measurable health outcomes,"

Collecting Open Government Approaches to COVID-19


Examples of the application of the principles of transparency, accountability, and participation to the COVID-19 response from the Open Government Partnership (OGP).

Observatory of Public Sector Innovation (OPSI) Global Government Response

🗣@OPSIgov (Twitter)


Policy responses collected from a form created by OECD-OPSI. OECD have not reviewed and do not necessarily endorse the spreadsheet.

Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker


OxCGRT collects publicly available information on 11 indicators of government response, such as school closings, travel bans, or other measures.

The CoronaNet Research Project


The CoronaNet Research Project compiles a database on government responses to the Coronavirus

Economic Policy Responses to a Pandemic: Developing the COVID-19 Economic Stimulus Index


Working paper developing an index measure of economic stimulus. Supplemental materials include dataset of economic policy responses in 166 countries.

Policy responses to COVID-19


International Monetary Fund (IMF) tracker summarizes key economic responses taken by governments pf 193 economies to limit the human and economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Timeline of the 2019–20 Coronavirus pandemic


Wikipedia page collecting pandemic timelines by country.

COVID-19 Policy Watch


Policy, a New-Zealand based organization tracking government responses to the pandemic

How countries around the world have tried to contain the Coronavirus


Compares China (Hubei province), Japan, South Korea, France, Germany, Italy, and the US on whether they have implemented 11 policies ranging from contact tracing to travel restrictions. Written by Washington Post journalists Adrian Blanco and Marisa Bellack

COVID-19 Global Immigration Detention Platform


The Global Detention Project has launched this platform to track how states respond to the Covid-19 pandemic with measures to safeguard the wellbeing of migrants and asylum seekers.

COVID-19: International Manufacturing Policy Responses: Executive Summary


Report from University of Cambridge (UK) Institute for Manufacturing reviews the current manufacturing policy responses to COVID-19 by 10 countries and the EU.

Public Sector Resources


A resource center curated by the Ash Center at Harvard Kennedy School,with cases, teaching, policy solutions, and other examples of how governments are responding to the outbreak.

From The Guardian news “How do the Coronavirus containment measures vary across Europe?


Includes a table and maps comparing European countries on policies restricting schools and universities, travel, and events, and sport, as well as several maps.

Democracy, State Capacity, and COVID-19 Related School Closures


Preliminary study by Uppsala School of Government Axel Cronert finds that schools were closed sooner in countries that had more democratic governments but lower state administrative capacity.

Privacy International: Tracking the Global Response to COVID-19



Privacy International collection of technological responses by governments with the potential to undermine privacy.

COVID-19 Civic Freedom Tracker


This tracker monitors government responses to the pandemic that affect civic freedoms and human rights, focusing on emergency laws. Developed by the International Centre for Not-for-profit Law, the European Centre for Not-for-profit Law and the UN Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism.

Roadmap to COVID-19 Suppression We are tracking government response to the COVID-19 outbreak


✉️@covid19policies on Twitter

Map of lockdown and stability status for nations and US states.

Lockdowns and travel bans: which countries have COVID-19 restrictions


Lonely Planet, a publisher of travel guides, lists and describes travel restrictions by country.

Tenant protection during the novel Coronavirus outbreak


Running list and summary table of eviction protections by US states and local governments from tenants' rights blog Augrented.

COVID-19 Policy Tracker


Lobbying consultancy MultiState provides a dashboard of policy responses by US state governments.

COVID-19 Policy Tracker for California


Travel news powered by IATA Timatic: Coronavirus outbreak update


International Air Transport Association (IATA) collection of air travel restrictions worldwide.

COVID-19 Path Forward: 14 Priority Areas for Saving Lives and the Economy #CovidPathForward


Website by Joseph Allen, Barry Bloom, Caroline Buckee, Yonatan Grad, Bill Hanage, Marc Lipsitch and Michael Mina (Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Center for Communicable Disease Dynamics and For Health Healthy Buildings program)


This section includes information about responses by organizations such as the United Nations that involve multiple governments working together across regions.

Library of UN agency COVID-19 Responses


Library of UN organisations and agencies published responses to Coronavirus

Information from the UN System


UN responses and information split by agency and topic

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19)


Coronavirus global health emergency information from the United Nations.

World Health Organization (WHO)


Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic information from the World Health Organization, a United Nations agency.

Transcript of the WHO Director General’s declaration of the Coronavirus as a pandemic:

🇺🇳🔗WHO Director-General's opening remarks at the Mission briefing on COVID-19 - 12 March 2020

In these remarks, Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus (Dr. Tedros) recommended a 4-pronged strategy: prepare and be ready; detect, prevent and treat; reduce and suppress; innovate and improve.

This is the WHO Director General’s declaration of the Coronavirus as a pandemic:

🇺🇳🔗WHO Director-General's opening remarks at the Mission briefing on COVID-19 - 12 March 2020

UNESCO's Response to COVID-19


UNESCO's support for governments for distance learning, scientific cooperation, and information support, including global tracking of school closures.

UNESCO mobilizes 122 countries to promote open science and reinforced cooperation in the face of COVID-19


Reports an online meeting convened March 30 for representatives of science ministries.

COVID-19 Educational Disruption and Response


Data on local and national school closures. Support for governments where education is disrupted.

Conducting evaluations in times of COVID-19 (Coronavirus)


Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) of the World Bank offers this advice to those evaluating public programs to address ethical, conceptual, and methodological challenges during the pandemic.

Atlantic Council GeoTech Center (GeoTech)


Is coordinating between public sector representatives from NATO countries and private sector activities regarding COVID-19 response efforts.

Project Ideas

💡Different approaches and scientific justifications
  • Contact tracing - Singapore, Australia, China
  • Herd immunity - UK
  • Lockdown - Italy, Denmark, China, Norway, Spain etc (probably not worth listing all countries here)
  • Mask vs No Mask

💡Creating An Interactive Map

This could be interesting with the help of others and create an interactive map that denotes what each country has done in response to the ongoing situation with maybe a news/ social media feed right beside it? If anyone is interested, please join the Government Whatsapp chat linked at the top.



💡Local government responses
  • Making sure everyone is informed (including situations in developing countries / people affected by digital divide or other communications challenges)
  • Making sure the supply chain, food security etc. is not interrupted

Brainstorming Projects

COVID-19: List of ideas to reduce the direct harm from the virus, with an emphasis on unusual ideas



List of ideas for reducing the direct harm from COVID-19 by quantitative strategist Justin Shovelain published on Less Wrong applied rationality blog.

Strategies to flatten the curve and maintain the economy

Strategies and tech to flatten the curve and maintain the economy

  • Strategies on how to implement the lockdown
  • Strategies on how to sustain the economic balance
  • Technology platform that may be needed for this

🇺🇸🔗What US Government should do regarding Covid-19

3p. Anonymous author with alleged experience in the field.

Estimating impact of possible government measures on growth factor

We are collecting science-based estimates of the impact of different measures that can be taken. Please think and calculate along! This information is very valuable for informed government decisions, and will also be used to back an open source simulator/monitor based on this very accurate model: 🔗 Decision makers are already following our work, so all contribution will find their way up .Thank you!


15p. Ir. Lize Raes (supplying Belgian government with accurate projection for hospital capacity) + PwC