Hygiene and Masks

How to prepare your home, keep yourself safe, and make a mask


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Preparing Your Home

Guide to home and office cleaning during the Coronavirus outbreak

πŸ”—contagion reduction workbook for multi-person residences

Sanitization procedures and quarantine planning tool


πŸ”—How to enter to your residence safely with groceries and other items

Sanitization procedures


πŸŒπŸ”—https://www.unicef.org/coronavirus/cleaning-and-hygiene-tips-help-keep-coronavirus-covid-19-out-your-home#cleaning-home

Cleaning and hygiene tips for your home

Food Preparation and Handling

πŸ”—https://www.unicef.org/coronavirus/cleaning-and-hygiene-tips-help-keep-coronavirus-covid-19-out-your-home#food

Handling and preparing food

@Cleaning Cloth

πŸ”—https://www.unicef.org/coronavirus/cleaning-and-hygiene-tips-help-keep-coronavirus-covid-19-out-your-home#cleaning-clothes

Cloth cleaning tips


πŸ”—https://abc13.com/coronavirus-washing-texas-covid-19/6041323/

Proper ways to wash cloths


πŸ”—https://www.huffingtonpost.in/entry/how-long-coronavirus-live-clothing-washing_l_5e724927c5b6eab779409e74

How Long Coronavirus Lives On Clothes, And How To Wash Them. The best precautions to take with your laundry, the right detergents to use, and more.

Washing Hands

πŸŒπŸ”—https://thekidshouldseethis.com/post/the-right-way-to-wash-your-hands

What is the right way to wash your hands?


πŸ”—https://twitter.com/ianbremmer/status/1241131202322497536

how to wash your hands


πŸ”—https://www.humanslikeus.org/coronavirus

A digital library of videos explaining coronavirus and handwashing in over 30 languages where information is not commonly available, and explanations in pictures only (accessible to everyone, whatever their level of literacy)

Media

πŸ“Ίhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L89nN03pBzI

"Wash Your Hands", from the makers of "Baby Shark"


πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡ΈπŸ“Ίhttps://thekidshouldseethis.com/post/how-soap-and-water-kills-coronavirus

β€œPlain old soap and water absolutely annihilate coronavirus.” – Vox


πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡ΈπŸ“Ίhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7QKrFxahFC4

Proper hand washing


Digital Tools

πŸ”— https://washyourlyrics.com/

πŸ—£ https://twitter.com/neoncloth

Handwash Instruction Chart Generator- Generate handy washing infographics based on your favourite song lyrics


πŸ”—https://twitter.com/instantiator/status/1237656419798745088

πŸ—£@instantiator

Washbert (originally β€˜Wash Friend’) is an Agent for the Google Assistant. Tell it you’re washing your hands, and it’ll make a hilarious pun and play ~20 secs of (attribution-free) music to make you feel like a hero for longer. Currently in alpha, contact @instantiator to join the alpha, beta, or help port it to Alexa/Siri.

Sanitisers

Guides and Advice

πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡ΈπŸ”—https://abcnews.go.com/Politics/epa-releases-list-disinfectant-products-approved-kill-covid/story?id=69412861

List of approved sanitisers


πŸŒπŸ”—https://www.rojakpot.com/covid-19-virus-hand-sanitiser-soapHow to enter to your residence safely with groceries and other items/

Hand sanitiser vs soap. Includes a list of sanitisers and their contents.


Make Your Own Sanitisers

πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡³πŸ”—https://www.who.int/gpsc/5may/Guide_to_Local_Production.pdf

How to produce your own sanitiser by WHO.


πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡ΈπŸ”—https://www.fda.gov/news-events/press-announcements/coronavirus-covid-19-update-fda-provides-guidance-production-alcohol-based-hand-sanitizer-help-boost

FDA guidance on the production of alcohol based sanitisers.


πŸ”—https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I8KjePawdL4

How to make your own sanitiser.


πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡ΈπŸ”—https://nypost.com/2020/03/03/how-to-make-homemade-hand-sanitizer-amid-coronavirus-induced-shortage/

How to make your own hand sanitiser.


πŸ”—https://www.wired.com/story/how-to-make-hand-sanitizer/#intcid=recommendations_wired-right-rail-popular_734b5220-e98f-4241-9500-436f2c32fa29_popular4-1

How to make your own sanitisers and disinfect suspicious items.


πŸ”—https://twitter.com/AfroRoboticist/status/1238082055717695494?s=20

Automatic hand sanitiser dispenser- Kids use Arduino parts to make this.


Do Not Make Your Own Sanitisers

πŸ”—https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=09WFrsN5Yv0

Why you should not make your own sanitiser.


Surface Disinfectants

πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡ΈπŸ”—https://odoban.com/blog/does-odoban-disinfectant-kill-coronavirus-march-2020-response/

The question 'Does OdoBan disinfectant kill coronavirus?' answered.


πŸ”—https://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/environmental-hygiene/comparison-commonly-used-surface-disinfectants

A comparison of commonly used disinfectants on the basis of the health related issues of infection prevention, compatibility with equipment and gloves, as well as the safety of the disinfectant to the hospital personnel.


πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡ΈπŸ”—https://www.businessinsider.com/best-disinfecting-cleaner

'Business Insider' gives you a list of disinfecting products that are the easiest to use, least damaging to surfaces, and the best value.

Laundry Sanitisers

πŸ”—https://www.bhg.com/homekeeping/laundry-linens/tips-checklists/how-to-sanitize-laundry/

' has given tips on how to sanitise clothes, towels and linens after someone in your household has been sick.A simple wash cycle may not be enough to remove all bacteria and viruses. '


πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡ΈπŸ”—https://www.21oak.com/shop/best-laundry-sanitizers-lysol-sterilizing/

The best laundrey sanitizers for completely sterilized coloured loads.


πŸ”—https://www.lifesavvy.com/9100/cant-use-bleach-heres-how-to-sanitize-your-laundry/

Can't use bleach? Here's how to sanitize your laundry.


Dry Clean at Home

πŸ”—https://www.marthastewart.com/270246/dry-cleaning-solutions

answers all your burning dry-cleaning questions here.How to dry clean clothing at home.


πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡ΈπŸ”—https://home.howstuffworks.com/home-dry-cleaning.htm

' explores how home dry cleaning works and whether this method is a good option for you and your delicatesIn this article, '


πŸ”—https://www.apartmenttherapy.com/dry-clean-at-home-36744692

How to wash dry-clean-only clothes at home without a kit!

Guide on Masks

General Guides on Masks


πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡ΈπŸ”—http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-pAerspective/2020/02/unmasked-experts-explain-necessary-respiratory-protection-covid-19

Experts explain necessary respiratory protection for COVID-19. By the Centre for Infectious Disease Research and Policy (CIDRAP).


πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡ΈπŸ”—https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/npptl/pdfs/UnderstandDifferenceInfographic-508.pdf

Understanding the difference between masks and respirators


πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡ΈπŸ”—https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/hcp/respirator-use-faq.html

FAQ about using respirators. By the USA’s CDC.


πŸ‡©πŸ‡ͺπŸ”—https://www.zeit.de/wissen/gesundheit/2020-04/mundschutz-masken-ffp-stoff-infektionsschutz-verwendung

German Guide to different types of masks and when to wear them, including DIY-masks (with illustrations).


πŸ“Ίhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c6R1Xjp3lXA

Activated masks - for personal pathogenic protection


πŸ”—https://www.appropedia.org/Face_mask_reviews

Review of face masks


πŸ”—https://theprepared.com/gear/reviews/best-gas-mask-respirator-survival/

A comprehensive post of masks and respirators


πŸ”—https://twitter.com/CBLevineMS/status/1249740489454161920

πŸ—£ @CBLevineMS

Wearing a Mask: Dos & Don'ts (info image)


πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§https://www.ukmasknetwork.org/

Website:  

  • Educate the public on face mask use and face mask science.
  • Make face masks easy to access, connecting those making face masks to those needing face masks.
  • Hosts an open-source database of face mask projects and makers in the UK

Should I Wear a Mask?

πŸ”—http://www.overcomingbias.com/2020/03/know-when-to-fold-em.html

"As soon as your body notices an infection, it immediately tries to grow a response while the virus tries to grow itself. From then on, it is a race to see which can grow biggest fastest. And the virus gets a big advantage in this race if its initial dose of infecting virus is larger. This effect is widely known and acknowledged by experts, and it is one of the main rationales given for wearing masks, gloves etc. That’s not just to cut the chance of an infection, but also to cut the initial dose."


πŸ”—https://twitter.com/Comparativist/status/1235481955296108550k

Automate this Face Mask Decision Tree- Build a tool for people to know if they ought to wear a face mask. The decision tree is here already.


πŸ”—https://masks4all.co/

Wear a homemade mask to slow the spread of COVID-19 and learn about its benefits.


πŸ”—https://slatestarcodex.com/2020/03/23/face-masks-much-more-than-you-wanted-to-know/

In-depth blog critically assessing the literature on how effective face masks are at preventing the spread of COVID-19.


πŸ”—https://medium.com/@matthiassamwald/promoting-simple-do-it-yourself-masks-an-urgent-intervention--covid-19-mitigation-14da4100f429 

Promoting simple do-it-yourself masks: an urgent intervention for COVID-19 mitigation


πŸ”—https://twitter.com/larrybrilliant/status/1245798976604884992

Doctors wear them during surgery. The OR staff wears them. Everyone going in and out of ian isolation room wears them and now we have more indications of how mask wearing is associated with success in #COVID19Pandemic


Research on Mask Efficacy

πŸ”—https://docs.google.com/document/d/1HLrm0pqBN_5bdyysOeoOBX4pt4oFDBhsC_jpblXpNtQ/preview

Papers about effectiveness of basic masks #masks4all


πŸ”—https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2440799/

Professional and Home-Made Face Masks Reduce Exposure to Respiratory Infections among the h Population - Any type of general mask use is likely to decrease viral exposure and infection risk on a population level, in spite of imperfect fit and imperfect adherence, personal respirators providing most protection."


πŸ”—Professional and Home-Made Face Masks Reduce Exposure to Respiratory Infections among the General Population 

Written in 2008 and not specifically about COVID-19. From the abstract: "Any type of general mask use is likely to decrease viral exposure and infection risk on a population level, in spite of imperfect fit and imperfect adherence, personal respirators providing most protection."


πŸ”—https://smartairfilters.com/en/blog/best-materials-make-diy-face-mask-virus/

Discusses a study which household materials protect best against bacterial and viral particles. Though some materials protect much better than others, even the least effective materials captured 50% or more virus particles.


πŸ”—https://www.journalofhospitalinfection.com/article/S0195-6701(20)30097-9/fulltext

Association between 2019-nCoV transmission and N95 respirator use. Xinghuan Wang, Zhenyu Pan, Zhenshun Cheng (2020), The Journal of Hospital Infection.


Characterizations of particle size distribution of the droplets exhaled by sneeze


πŸ”—https://slatestarcodex.com/2020/03/23/face-masks-much-more-than-you-wanted-to-know/

Facts on face masks


https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/the-best-homemade-masks-combine-different-fabrics/?fbclid=IwAR2TaEkT49ME9R09f8LB5lHvt6KRPARXtQeCnQy7Ky8NWJHRgxkd2m2Hm2U

Best masks use different fabrics

DIY Masks. Make Your Own

πŸ”—https://docs.google.https://masks4all.co//document/d/16cweIiYlJ0SuC1LKU_BkibrqIyFG4x-nojgiD2_ls9S7U/edit#heading=h.50zxohbs67sm

Comprehensive resource on different types of masks


πŸ”—https://www.businessinsider.com/mask-coated-in-salt-neutralizes-viruses-like-coronavirus-2020-2

A biomedical engineer created a mask coated in salt that he says could neutralize viruses like the Coronavirus in 5 minutes.


πŸ”—htt



πŸ”—https://www.facebook.com/MrHenryBemis/posts/10159579527538858

In-depth post discussing simple improvised mask procedure, increasing the effectiveness and sterility of improvised cloth masks, salt and surfactant mediated viral deactivation, n95 electrostatic charge preservation, disinfectant and decontamination procedures.


πŸ”—https://www.appropedia.org/DIY_masks

A comprehensive resource on masks


πŸ”—https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1gPx9kHZGcS7pNgitIX0a_ArPnkEves4RsiGxKLCMdKg/edit#gid=321149825

Opensource hardware designs


πŸ”—https://www.facebook.com/groups/opensourcecovid19medicalsupplies/permalink/678402772970118/

Open Source COVID-19 Medical Supplies


πŸ”—https://twitter.com/amylorraine28/status/1246887325893824513

Masks: "Got an elastic band and two big buttons? = a mask holder to protect your ears!"


πŸ”— https://smartairfilters.com/en/blog/best-materials-make-diy-face-mask-virus/

What are the best materials for making a DIY mask


πŸ”— https://covmask.cz/en/

A full face mask with a P3R replaceable filter whose protection level is higher than the FFP3 filter.


πŸ”—https://www.makemasks2020.org/my ask-making-guide

Patterns, material, packaging and shipping guides.


Fabric Made Masks


πŸ“Ίhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4FB--BOyTiU

How to make a mask


πŸ“Ίhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VgHrnS6n4iA

How to make a mask


πŸ”—https://sewing.patternreview.com/cgi-bin/fuzzysearch.pl?name=forum&count=25&phrase=facemask

Mask sewing patterns


πŸ”—https://www.goodhousekeeping.com/health/a31902442/how-to-make-medical-face-masks/

How to make a mask at home


πŸ”—https://diymask.site/

Reusable DIY Cloth Mask with Disposable Middle Layer Filter

πŸ”—https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/12/6/05-1468_article

Simple respiratory mask made from heavyweight T-shirts (Letter to CDC EID Journal, June 2006)


πŸ”—https://freesewing.org/docs/patterns/fu/

Full face mask- How to sew masks


πŸ”—https://www.deaconess.com/How-to-make-a-Face-Mask

A fabric mask together with a how-to PDF can be found on


πŸ”—https://www.nytimes.com/article/how-to-make-face-mask-coronavirus.html

How to make a face mask


πŸ”—https://www.instructables.com/id/DIY-Cloth-Face-Mask/

DIY cloth face mask


πŸ”—https://www.businessinsider.com/how-to-make-an-effective-face-mask-at-home-2020-3?r=US&IR=T

How to make an effective face mask


πŸ”—https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/diy-cloth-face-coverings.html

CDC advice for using cloth face masks/covers, plus instructions for making 3 types of coverings: sewn, T-shirt (no sew), and bandana (no sew)


πŸ”—https://makermask.org/

Science-based mask designs for community makers to combat the spread of COVID-19


πŸ”—https://docs.google.com/document/d/1_dqOk-oVBF4Cea__gRYvS4WjG_m41_nE9_gXe5sbSV4/edit?usp=sharing

Make a headband with buttons to wear with a mask to protect ears


Paper Made Masks

πŸ“Ί https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Lg0jnJ3hEo

Paper Mask. A video showing how to make a simple paper mask from any furniture available in your home.


πŸ”—https://www.bkreader.com/2020/03/07/heres-a-diy-way-to-make-your-own-protective-face-mask/

DIY face mask developed by Hong Kong-Shenzhen Hospital. Can be made using ordinary household items: paper towel, tissue paper, elastic string, masking tape, plastic coated wires, hole puncher, scissors. 90% as effective as a regular surgical mask.


Masks with Filters

πŸ”—https://www.instructables.com/id/How-to-Make-a-Basic-Coronavirus-Face-Mask/

Water F186665ilter Mask (Blog). This mask is made out of relatively readily-available materials and does not require access to a 3D printer. Water filters are the most difficult to source: in the UK, they can be purchased, or found for free at Brita recycling points see here to search for a location in the US or here in the UK). Disclaimer: this guide was created by the contributor ([email protected]).


πŸ”—https://www.makermask.com/

Open source mask that can be used with filters.


πŸ”—https://www.forbes.com/sites/brucelee/2020/03/29/making-an-n95-mask-for-covid-19-coronavirus-what-you-need-to-know/#48d46a14989c

Making An N95 Mask For COVID-19 Coronavirus?


πŸ”—https://docs.google.com/document/d/1WWPYWb8QnxkBRtZlesx5Gf4e69WgKKlAptLRshBz8Js/edit?fbclid=IwAR0HFaWLACjG5jdbaUOUpfPrrfFkkWrG58JZ1JxqBs1ygAEWuSKw5RiJymU

N95 Maker Project Open source doc.


πŸ”— https://covmask.cz /en/ A full face mask with a P3R replaceable filter whose protection level is higher than the FFP3 filter.


πŸ”—https://www.indiegogo.com/projects/biovyzr-venture-out-breathe-easy#/

BioVYZR: Venture Out & Breathe Easy- Upgrade your mask for our patent-pending powered air-filtration protective shield (N95) #PPE4ALL


Masks with Sterilisers

πŸ”—https://twitter.com/tom_at_octue/status/1240261672973017088  

First prototype for a medical mask / cartridge steriliser


πŸ”—https://www.engineers-for-doctors.org/

Creating open-source documentation to build masks - currently experimenting with a cheap steriliser to extend mask life.


πŸ”—https://medium.com/@mikedubrovsky/building-a-crude-uv-c-mask-ppe-disinfection-chamber-1-hour-30-minimal-tools-afb56ca3b120

Building a Crude UV-C Mask/PPE/IPad/Phone Disinfection Chamber (1 hour, $30, minimal tools)


3D Printed Masks

πŸ”—https://www.ciirc.cvut.cz/covid-2/

The CIIRC RP95-3D is a personal protective equipment – half-mask – with a P3 replaceable external filter which has been certified as a kit according to EN 140:1999 norm. It meets the same or higher degree of protection as a FFP3 class respirator.


πŸ”—https://www.google.com/url?q=https://www.google.com/url?q%3Dhttp://kosta.is/covid%26amp;sa%3DD%26amp;ust%3D1585199642266000&sa=D&ust=1585199642498000&usg=AFQjCNF8A-E_xZKru03YAOV-vDxs5UStrw

3D printed masks using HVAC hepa filters. "This protocol details using a conventional FDM 3D printer to create a reusable face mask that aims to be a mask of last resort if no N95 (or similar) masks are available."


πŸ”—https://www.covidskunkworks.com/

πŸ”—https://drive.google.com/drive/u/0/folders/100x81uM7rwKjU8B1JPPolCroRZLpLJIY

COVID-19 Skunkworks- 3D printable face masks


πŸ”—https://www.3dprintingmedia.network/copper3d-organizing-global-campaign-to-3d-print-antimicrobial-masks-on-a-global-scale/

Copper3D organising global campaign to 3D print antimicrobial masks on a global scale


πŸ”—https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4177128

Flexible Mask Valvy by iczfirz. Two designs that are essentially the same. Seems tricky to do and you also need to source the filter material from somewhere - for the HEPA filter mount. Credit goes to iczfrz.


πŸ”—https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:2638406

Smoke/Gas Mask Respirator by mussy (3D Printed)- I thought this mask’s filters were interesting since they were feasible to make with scavenged materials. You need cotton pads and activated charcoal (or perhaps cotton pads soaked in salt instead) which could be made, but more easily sourced. Altogether, though, I’m not sure how safe and effective it would be if tested. With activated charcoal though, it could be better than the previous three.


πŸ”—https://www.opensourcemask.com/en/

Free open-source 3D printing design for printing a mask at home. Fast to print, easy to assemble. Alternatively Forum’s users are available to print it for you for free. Design is created/endorsed by two researchers at the CNR, Italy’s major public research facility (no data yet provided publicly regarding efficacy or intended use).


πŸ”— https://copper3d.com/hackthepandemic/

Nanohack, open source face mask


πŸ”— https://www.makethemasks.com/

The Montana mask


Creative Masks

πŸ”—https://twitter.com/EpiKelley/status/1244087343792914432

So a lot of people have asked me about cloth masks. I don’t really have a strong opinion about cloth masks. I DO have some rather strong opinions about HOW to wear masks.


πŸ”—https://www.cbsnews.com/news/this-college-student-is-sewing-face-masks-designed-for-the-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-community/?ftag=CNM-00-10aab7e&linkId=85722476

College student sews face masks designed for the deaf and hard of hearing community


πŸ”—https://twitter.com/tizzywoman/status/1245794997003268097

Easy way to make a DIY mask with a small scarf.


DIY Masks from Snorkel Masks

πŸ”—https://www.covidlifesavermask.com/ 

Dutch team develops a connector making snorkel mask usable as emergency protection for medical staff. A reusable full face mask for emergency use by medical staff has been developed by a team of anesthesiologists from the Haaglanden Medical Centre (HMC) in the Netherlands.


πŸ”—https://www.covidlifesavermask.com/

Dutch team develops a connector making snorkel mask usable as emergency protection for medical staff. A reusable full face mask for emergency use by medical staff has been developed by a team of anesthesiologists from the Haaglanden Medical Centre (HMC) in the Netherlands.  

Masks Community groups

πŸ”—https://www.facebook.com/groups/DIYFaceMaskforCOVID19/

Facebook Group to share DIY homemade masks for COVID-19


πŸ”—https://www.facebook.com/groups/679571822584391/?ref=share

Facebook group to share homemade mask patterns


πŸ”—https://www.facebook.com/groups/681211105971686/?ref=share

Another mask making Facebook group


πŸ”—https://www.facebook.com/groups/674686956674871/?ref=share

Facebook group for mask makers


Voluntary Work:

πŸ‡¨πŸ‡¦πŸ”—https://www.canadasews.ca/

A community of volunteers helping create masks for COVID-19.


πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡ΈπŸ”—https://millionmaskchallenge.com/

Craftists against COVID-19. A campaign to produce 1 million masks.


πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡ΈπŸ”—https://masksnow.org/volunteer/

We need YOU! Sign Up to Volunteer with Masks Now. Whether you can sew, distribute, organize, write, code or call, we have immediate need for your skill set.

How to Put On and Take Off Face Masks

πŸ”—https://www.sfcdcp.org/communicable-disease/healthy-habits/how-to-put-on-and-remove-a-face-mask/

How to put on and take off face masks


πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡ΈπŸ“Ίhttps://app1.unmc.edu/nursing/heroes/mpv.cfm?updateindex=70&src=yt

Hospital PPE. Infection control: donning and doffing. University of Nebraska Medical Centre.


πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§πŸ“Ίhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oUo5O1JmLH0&feature=youtu.be

Removal and disposal of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) by Public Health England.


πŸ‡¬πŸ‡§πŸ“Ίhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=1&v=tGVra7LB2es&feature=emb_logo

Brighton anaesthesia FFP3 Donning and Doffing.

How to Reuse Masks

πŸ”—https://engineers-for-doctors.org

Contains useful information including "masks anatomy" - basics of masks and respirators, as well as information relating to sterilisation


πŸ”—https://www.stanforddaily.com/2020/03/31/stanford-researchers-develop-potential-method-to-reuse-n95-respirators/

A team of Stanford researchers may have found a way to use heat to disinfect N95 respirators


πŸ”—https://stanfordmedicine.app.box.com/v/covid19-PPE-1-1

Part 1: Info sheet by Stanford Medicine Anesthesia Informatics and Media Lab. Discusses protocol for when to wear N95s, the best replacements for N95s if they run out, whether N95s remain effective with reuse, whether N95s can be sterilized for reuse.


πŸ”—https://stanfordmedicine.app.box.com/v/covid19-PPE-1-2

Part 2: Info sheet by Stanford Medicine Anesthesia Informatics and Media Lab. Discusses protocol for when to wear N95s, the best replacements for N95s if they run out, whether N95s remain effective with reuse,whether N95s can be sterilized for reuse.


πŸ”—https://smartairfilters.com/en/blog/disinfect-clean-n95-mask-virus-coronavirus/?

What’s a Reliable Way to Disinfect Masks from Viruses Without Harming Effectiveness?


πŸ”—https://docs.google.com/document/d/193mt42jUR8PxuONUY4A6YZsyOOmy6Psg6BDme3rjai8/edit#heading=h.4gn6tdxbnm5e

A comprehensive guide on how to reuse and disinfect respirators.


πŸ”—https://www.facebook.com/MrHenryBemis/posts/10159579527538858

In-depth post discussions simple improvised mask procedure, increasing the effectiveness and steriity of improvised cloth masks, salt and surfactant mediated viral deactivation, n95 electrostatic charge preservation, disinfectant and decontamination procedures


πŸ”—https://utrf.tennessee.edu/information-faqs-performance-protection-sterilization-of-masks-against-covid-19/

University of Tennessee Research Foundation page on the protection and sterilization of both medical masks and N95s.


πŸ”—https://aim.stanford.edu/covid-19-evidence-service/

Stanford Anesthesia Informatics and Media lab factsheet on 'can masks be safely disinfected and reused?


πŸ”— https://www.n95decon.org/

A scientific consortium for data-driven study of N95 filtering facepiece respirator decontamination


πŸ”— https://github.com/linuxtim/SARS-CoV-2-Heat-Inactivation/wiki#microbiology

References on efficacy of heat inactivation, and summary of results from multiple heat and UV decontamination tests.


πŸ”—https://repository.tudelft.nl/islandora/object/uuid%3Af048c853-7e1d-4715-b73d-3b506b274a30

Delft University of Technology paper. 'Sterilization of disposable face masks by means of standardized dry and steam sterilization processes: an alternative in the fight against mask shortages due to COVID-19'. Heat inactivation 121Β°C.


πŸ”—https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/manitoba/manitoba-researchers-answer-shortage-n95-masks-1.5518226

Canada Broadcasting Corporation news story: 'Manitoba researchers say they may have found a way to safely reuse N95 masks amid COVID-19 crisis'. Heat inactivation 121Β°C

FIXME, find link to published report, and include this instead


Reusing N95:

πŸ‡ΈπŸ‡¬πŸ”— https://www.facebook.com/790659386/posts/10157399447114387/?d=n 

Sharing use of plastic boxes as a hands-free way doctors in Singapore are using to maintain and re-use N95s.


Where to Purchase Masks

πŸ”— https://need-mask.com

Meta listing platform for european protective clothing, mask, faceshield and community mask suppliers.