Personal Protective Equipment

DIY designs, suppliers, sterilisation...

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Pinoy fashion designers respond to PPE shortage
COVID-19 Makers
Open source COVID-19 medical supplies
Covid-19 Mask Makers Kent, Surrey, Sussex, Essex
A small group of folk with printers printing, collecting and distributing the Euro version of the #3DVFaceShield

PPE Overview

List of hospitals seeking PPE



Donating and Requesting PPE

Sites coordinating those who want to donate PPE and those who need it.

• Hospital workers —> Request at -- USA focused
• Individual PPE donors —> Donate PPE at -- USA focused
• Institutions seeking to help —> join
• Individuals seeking to help —> Look for volunteer openings at

🇺🇸🔗 -- USA focused
Site aiming to get PPE to healthcare providers. Users can request PPE, donate money or PPE, or register as a maker.

🇺🇸🔗 -- USA focused
Spreadsheet collating several PPE Donation projects.

🇺🇸🔗 -- USA focused
Umbrella project keeping track of and connecting the various initiatives trying to improve the supply of PPE.

Royal College of Physicians - contains a form where healthcare workers can report shortages of PPE to the NHS and the government.

🇺🇸🔗 / - USA focused
Project N95 aims to match up hospitals in need of equipment with suppliers who can provide it. It contains a form to request equipment.

Covid19Masks connects hospitals in need of PPE to volunteers. Volunteers can commit to provide masks to hospitals that have expressed a need. Worldwide.

Globechain helps businesses reduce waste by providing a reuse marketplace for listing unneeded items. All items are free for collection by charities, SMEs and individuals.

🇬🇧🔗 -- UK
Volunteer organization aiming to redirect unused PPE to frontline medical staff.

Volunteer organization connecting healthcare providers with donors in their local communities. Organized by US region.

Volunteer-run website helping 'Helpers' easily locate those seeking supplies.

Boston hospital's page for donating money, equipment and supplies.

🔗 🇺🇸
The Journal of the American Medical Association elicits 'creative immediate solutions for how to maximize the use of PPE, to conserve the supply of PPE, and to identify new sources of PPE'. Comment-responses from healthcare professionals.

London based company Batch.Works have a shield design that has been produced specifically for a high quality and quick turn around. They are currently (3 April) in the process of getting samples approved. There's a list at the link above for organisations who require face shields to register their interest.

EU / Germany initiative to connect requests with supply

Use of PPE

How to use PPE properly.

For Mask specific information see also:

UK National Health Service PPE use guidelines as issued on April 2nd

How to put on personal protective equipment (PPE)








Efficacy of PPE

For Mask specific information see also:

discusses a study which household materials protect best against bacterial and viral particles. Though some materials protect much better than others, even the least effective materials captured 50% or more virus particles.

In-depth post by a PhD in virology on coronavirus transmission. Contains references/links.

News article from the Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy. Headings:
In-depth post discussing:

PPE Re-use and Sterilisation

For Mask specific information see also:

This document contains guidance on relevant research for emergency re-use of PPE (masks etc.) following heat inactivation of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID19 pathogen).

Info sheet by Stanford Medicine Anesthesia Informatics and Media Lab. Discusses protocol for when to wear N95s, the best replacements for N95s if they run out, whether N95s remain effective with reuse, whether N95s can be sterilized for reuse.

Nebraska Medicine sterilization process for N95s: N95 Filtering Facepiece Respirator Ultraviolet Germicidal Irradiation (UVGI) Process for Decontamination and Reuse

Stanford Anesthesia Informatics and Media lab factsheet on 'can masks be safely disinfected and reused?'
Info sheet by Stanford Medicine Anesthesia Informatics and Media Lab. Discusses protocol for when to wear N95s, the best replacements for N95s if they run out, whether N95s remain effective with reuse,whether N95s can be sterilized for reuse.

Summary of results of various tests, and relevant links to published literature etc. on heat inactivation. Also suitable existing hospital equipment, including improvised and adapted equipment.

Makeshift PPE Designs


For Mask specific information see also:


Precious Plastic Forum - collection of data and projects for all sorts of protective gear.

Face Visors: 3D Printing

🔗 3D Printed
Easy to produce, if properly utilized could be useful to protect eyes and face of low-risk operators. DOES NOT PROTECT against inhalation of chemical and biological agents.

🔗 Prusa Printers 3D Printed Face Shield
They are talking with the Czech government about using this design there.

🔗 Protective visor optimized for fast FDM printing
Optimized for a simple print and for u
sing Overhead Projector film in A4 format, holes easily made by a regular hole puncher. DOES NOT PROTECT against inhalation.

Face Visors: other methods

🔗 Face shield for mass production by lasercutting
Very efficient design for lasercutting. This fab lab managed to produce 300 face shields a day with a single laser cutter!

🔗Coronavirus / Flu Reusable Emergency Respiratory Mask by dbeck (
📷 Very Simple Face Visor 
Face shield using Overhead Projector film with 4 holes (drilled, melted or punched) through which to thread the arms of glasses. Helps condition the wearer against touching their face with their hands. The sheets are available on Amazon and other stationery stores. 

🔗Face Shield mask for CNC Router
Creates 200 masks in the time it takes to 3D print one (approx. 3.5hrs). All files, instructions, materials included. News coverage.

Surgical Mask
Type 1: Single Layered
Type 2: Multi Layered, no droplet protection
Type 3: Multi Layered mask and droplet protection for the face. 

Can we create an open standard for DIY Surgical Masks and get it WHO approved? 

  1. Reduce pressure on suppliers - Allows manufacturers to focus on supplying medical professionals with N95s as they need it more. Other workers like grocery store employees should have priority access to official surgical masks supplies.  
  2. Decrease and delay transmission between people - COVID can be asymptomatic. Researchers across the world are asking people to flatten the curve so that health systems don’t collapse.Social distancing and hand washing are essential but there are still individuals who are not adhering to these recommendations.But increasing the COVID mindedness of the public can reduce the number of people doing this
  3. Developing countries will need access to solutions they can build in-country when supplies run out. We need to equip the Dilip Mahalanabises (a doctor who created onsite treatments for Cholera when imported supplies ran out) of COVID. If countries like the US (have) about 1 percent of the 3.5 billion respirators that experts estimate the health-care system needs a year to fight a severe influenza pandemic.’ what about poorer ones

Droplet Barriers

in the news:
Design for a droplet barrier desk. An open source project.

in the news:
Plexiglas droplet barrier to protect healthcare workers.

Project to study and design very simple to make/improvise machinery which could be used to deactivate coronavirus on used PPE (e.g. in critical healthcare settings to work around equipment shortages)



March 16: NPR. On mask production in China: 'COVID-19 has caused a shortage of face masks. But they're surprisingly hard to make.'


Surgical Masks Type 1
March 17: Reuters. 'Iranian students make masks for nurses amid crisis'.


March 19: Shima Seiki releases knitting data for Whole-garment masks. Knitted Mask (not suitable for Covid-19)


March 13: Preview. 'People are making DIY face masks inspired by Heart Evangelista'

🇬🇧United Kingdom

March 19: the Independent. Hospitals hours from running out of equipment as leaked NHS email reveals demand up 2000%

🇺🇸United States

March 18th: Komonews. Volunteers making homemade masks to combat shortages caused by Covid 19.

March 18: Wall Street Journal. Hospitals facing Coronavirus are running out of masks, other key equipment.

March 18: Bloomberg. Hospital workers make masks from office supplies amid US shortage.

March 10: Washington Post.